Paul Allen Sommerfeld is a Reference Specialist in the Music Division of the Library of Congress. He holds a B.M. in Music Theory and Composition from Concordia College Moorhead, a M.A. in Musicology from Penn State University, and a Ph.D. in Musicology from Duke University. His research focuses on film music and fandom studies, with particular emphasis on franchises and the creation of multi-media universes. His dissertation focused on the music branding, the re-purposing of musical texts, and the creation of layered meaning(s) within the Star Trek franchise. Forthcoming publications include contributions to Routledge anthologies on Star Trek as action film and underscoring practices in the television series Deep Space Nine and Voyager.